By Deborah M. Gordon
How do ant colonies get something performed, whilst nobody is accountable? An ant colony operates and not using a valuable keep watch over or hierarchy, and no ant directs one other. as an alternative, ants come to a decision what to do in line with the speed, rhythm, and trend of person encounters and interactions--resulting in a dynamic community that coordinates the capabilities of the colony. Ant Encounters offers a revealing and obtainable look at ant habit from this complicated platforms perspective.
targeting the moment-to-moment habit of ant colonies, Deborah Gordon investigates the position of interplay networks in regulating colony habit and relatives between ant colonies. She exhibits how ant habit inside and among colonies arises from neighborhood interactions of people, and the way interplay networks advance as a colony grows older and bigger. The extra speedily ants react to their encounters, the extra sensitively the complete colony responds to altering stipulations. Gordon explores no matter if such reactive networks aid a colony to outlive and reproduce, how traditional choice shapes colony networks, and the way those buildings examine to different analogous advanced platforms.
Ant Encounters sheds mild at the organizational habit, ecology, and evolution of those varied and ubiquitous social insects.
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Additional resources for Ant Encounters: Interaction Networks and Colony Behavior (Primers in Complex Systems)
The original definition of ‘emergence’ is that a phenomenon is emergent relative to a particular explanation if the explanation is not sufficient. For example, we cannot explain all the properties of water by spelling out the properties of its component parts, hydrogen and oxygen. What we know about hydrogen and oxygen does not tell us how water will flow. However, emergent phenomena do not occur by magic. We study emergent processes to find explanations for these phenomena, and if they are explained, then strictly speaking they will no longer be emergent.
They suggest that the distribution of worker sizes might arise from selection for rapid colony growth and that worker size is not related to division of labor. 14 They found that workers were likely to differ more in size in species in which queens are much larger than workers, suggesting that the developmental process that leads queens to be larger also affects the growth of workers. Again, this would mean that the size distribution of workers is not related to division of labor. Many attempts to show that ants of a particular size perform best at a certain task never led to any strong conclusions.
If more patrollers are needed, nest maintenance workers will switch tasks to patrolling. If more nest maintenance workers are needed, they must be recruited from the younger workers inside the nest. Then, once a worker becomes a forager, it does not switch back to any other task. Thus, foraging acts as a sink, while the younger workers inside the nest, who will be recruited to nest maintenance if needed, act as a source. Midden workers bring in pebbles from the area around the nest to cover the mound.