American Youth Violence (Studies in Crime and Public Policy) by Franklin E. Zimring

By Franklin E. Zimring

Some time past decade, alarming stories of teenage violence have seemed with expanding frequency within the information media. Legislators around the usa have spoke back to this feeling of nationwide emergency through altering a number of the legislation designed to deal with juvenile offenders. yet are we actually in the middle of a surge in early life violence? extra to the purpose, what reasons formative years violence and what should still we do approximately it? Franklin Zimring bargains the definitive exam of adolescent violence within the usa either as a social phenomenon and a coverage challenge. This publication covers the variety of adlescent violence concerns within the Nineteen Nineties, from crime statistics to demographic projections to new laws. the result's a radical debunking of Congressional predictions of "a coming hurricane of minor violence" and the half-baked coverage proposals that accompany such warnings. The publication units forth complete and dispassionate analyses of 3 key components of teenage violence coverage: adolescent firearms ownership and use, criteria for move from juvenile to felony courtroom jurisdiction, and criminal sanctions for kids who kill. in the course of the ebook, the center problems with early life violence within the Nineteen Nineties are tested with an remarkable measure of analytic rigor. Zimring additionally bargains a suitable set of responses to adolescence violence which are in line with a favorable destiny for the juvenile court docket and for America's little ones. well timed and authoritative, American formative years Violence supplies scholars, students, and coverage makers a much-needed software with which to style a optimistic reaction to at least one of the nation's most annoying social ills.

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Additional resources for American Youth Violence (Studies in Crime and Public Policy)

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3. Number of Gun, Nongun, and Total Homicides by Offenders, Ages 10-17, 1976-1992. S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation (1994b). 38 YOUTH VIOLENCE IN THE 1990s 20,000 or so of the under-18 population arrested for violence. If there is a "new breed" of offender, it would have to be found only among that narrow band of firearms wounders. Third, the great majority of assaults has stayed the same over the past two decades. Knives are universally available, and the next most deadly weapon to firearms.

Just knowing the crime category does not tell much about how life-threatening were the specific acts reported. Assaults are the Uniform Crime Report category for attacks that fail to meet the criteria for aggravated assault but are still regarded as criminal. Because most life-threatening attacks are upgraded to the aggravated category, the residual assault classification usually involves attacks that were not life-threatening. This less serious classification is not a Part I or Index offense in the Uniform Crime Reporting Program, which is the highest priority classification in the Federal Bureau of Investigation program, and assault statistics are frequently not included in the analysis of violent crime, despite the fact that many nonaggravated assaults involve more injury to the victim than many robberies.

S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation (1995). AMERICAN YOUTH VIOLENCE—A PROFILE 21 majority of all violence arrests is for the nonserious offense of assault. The next large cluster of offenses is the heterogeneous group. Aggravated assault and robbery are a mixed bag of life-threatening and less serious events. Fewer than 2 percent of all violent offenses for those under 18 involve the always serious crimes of homicide and rape. Ninety-eight percent of all violence arrests and more than 95 percent of the arrests for the more serious Part I violent crimes are for some forms of assault and robbery.

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