Alternative Targum Traditions: The Use of Variant Readings by Alberdina Houtman

By Alberdina Houtman

This examine explores the potential for utilizing version readings of the Targum of the Prophets to get well perception into the foundation and historical past of Targum Jonathan. The publication comes in handy for the examine of the genesis of Targum Jonathan and its later advancements.

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Extra info for Alternative Targum Traditions: The Use of Variant Readings for the Study in Origin and History of Targum Jonathan (Studies in the Aramaic Interpretation of Scripture)

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G. N. Avigad, ‘The Palaeography of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Documents’, Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Jerusalem 19652, 56–87, esp. 71–72; Fitzmyer, The Genesis Apocryphon, 13. 85 The language can be dated somewhere in the first century bce or ce. Y. Kutscher, ‘Dating the Language of the Genesis Apocryphon’, JBL 76 (1957), 288–92; Idem, ‘The Language of the Genesis Apocryphon: A Preliminary Study’, Aspects of the Dead Sea Scrolls, 1–35, at 22; Fitzmyer, The Genesis Apocryphon, 17–25. 88 This version has a decidedly different character from the later rabbinic Targum of Job.

129 Rav Ammi was a third century Palestinian Amora. Ber 8ab. 130 Rav Joseph was an early fourth century Babylonian Amora, who was famous because of his extensive knowledge of the oral law. He is connected with the redaction of the Targum. Sanh 94b. 133 Moreover, the idea of an educational function besides the liturgical function explains the existence of Targums of parts of Scripture that are not used in the liturgy. C. Survey and Conclusions In the first section of this chapter we dealt with the question of definition.

2. g. A. D. York, ‘The Targum in the Synagogue and in the School’, JSJ 10 (1979), 74–86; Alexander, ‘The Targumim and the Rabbinic Rules for the Delivery of the Targum’, 14–28; R. Kasher, ‘The Aramaic Targumim and Their Sitz im Leben’, 9th WCJS: Panel Sessions Bible Studies and Ancient Near East, Jerusalem 1988, 75–85, esp. 75–77; Z. Safrai, ‘The Origins of Reading the Aramaic Targum in Synagogue’, Immanuel 24 / 25 (1990), 187–93; Idem, ‘The Targums as Part of Rabbinic Literature’, 245–49; Smelik, The Targum of Judges, 31–39.

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