Agents and Their Actions (Ratio Special Issues) by Maximilian de Gaynesford

By Maximilian de Gaynesford

Reflecting a contemporary flourishing of inventive pondering within the box, Agents and Their Actions offers seven newly commissioned essays via best overseas philosophers that spotlight the latest debates within the philosophy of motion

  • Features seven across the world major authors, together with new paintings by way of of philosophy's ‘super stars’, John McDowell and Joseph Raz
  • Presents the 1st transparent indication of ways John McDowell is extending his path-breaking paintings on intentionality and perceptual event in the direction of an account of motion and agency
  • Covers all of the significant interconnections among action-agency and vital parts of Philosophy: Metaphysics, Epistemology, background of Philosophy, Ethics, good judgment, Philosophy of Language
  • Provides a image of present debate at the topic, that's clean, enlightening, and fruitful

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Sample text

However, Socrates appears to be saying that what makes a true belief more durable, more stable, is understanding why it is true; and he is certainly claiming that the stability of knowledge is what makes it more valuable than true belief: Once they are tied down, they become knowledge, and are stable. That is why knowledge is more valuable than true opinion. What distinguishes one from the other is the tether. (Meno, 98a) 4 Throughout this chapter I talk in general terms about the value of knowledge, but this should always be read as referring to the questions raised by this passage from the Meno: is true opinion as good a guide to acting the right way as knowledge?

4 Here is Socrates’ solution. Knowledge, he explains, is more valuable than mere true belief, because true beliefs are like the statues made by Daedalus,5 which were so lifelike that they ran away unless they were tied down: So long as they stay with us, [true beliefs] are a fine possession, and effect all that is good; but they do not care to stay for long, and run away out of the human soul, and thus are of no great value until one ties them down by working out the cause [aitias logismo]. That process, my dear Meno, is recollection, as we agreed earlier.

The cohering elements of one’s psychology are fully defensible by reference to other elements. ’ – the cohering elements of one’s psychology may come into play, so that the attitudes in question may come to be seen by others as making sense, given one’s other preferences and convictions. The cohering elements are not odd or anomalous attitudes that the agent cannot explain or defend. ’ Finally, we tend to think of someone’s real self as comprised of attitudes with which he is for the most part comfortable and to AMBIVALENCE AND AUTHENTIC AGENCY 33 which he is especially attached, though problem cases involving embarrassment, denial and self-deception challenge this consideration.

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