Afro-Central Americans in New York City: Garifuna Tales of by Sarah England

By Sarah England

Born of the union among African maroons and the Island Carib on colonial St. Vincent, and later exiled to Honduras, the Garifuna lifestyle combines components of African, Island Carib, and colonial ecu tradition. starting within the Forties, this cultural matrix grew to become much more complicated as Garifuna started migrating to the USA, forming groups within the towns of latest York, New Orleans, and l. a.. relocating among a village at the Caribbean coast of Honduras and the hot York urban neighborhoods of the South Bronx and Harlem, England strains the day-by-day lives, reviews, and grassroots organizing of the Garifuna. 
Concentrating on how family members lifestyles, group existence, and grassroots activism are performed in nations at the same time as Garifuna stream backward and forward, England additionally examines the connection among the Garifuna and Honduran nationwide society and discusses a lot of the hot social activism geared up to guard Garifuna coastal villages from being expropriated by way of the tourism and agro-export industries.
Based on years of fieldwork in Honduras and manhattan, her research examines not just how this transnational process works but additionally the impression that the advanced racial and ethnic identification of the Garifuna have at the surrounding societies. As a those who can declare to be black, indigenous, and Latino, the Garifuna have a posh dating not just with U.S. and Honduran societies but in addition with the foreign group of nongovernmental firms that recommend for the rights of indigenous peoples and blacks.

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Extra resources for Afro-Central Americans in New York City: Garifuna Tales of Transnational Movements in Racialized Space

Example text

Through transnational migration and the experience of diaspora, Garifuna have created forms of community that in many ways allow them to transcend national contexts. At the same time there are also circumstances that vary by national context, circumstances that have a significant impact on the forms identity, power relations, and social movements take. Therefore, it is important here to give a brief introduction to those national contexts. Because my research is concerned primarily with Honduran Garifuna, I will concentrate on the particular place of Garifuna in Honduras and New York City.

During my fieldwork period, I often heard Garifuna use the terms imprecisely and interchangeably, referring to themselves variously as an ethnic group, as a race, and as a nation. In some ways I wish to maintain this ambiguity because it reveals a great deal about how racial, ethnic, and national identities are mobilized in different moments to both include and exclude others in the formation of a notion of peoplehood. This will come out mainly in the chapters in which I discuss how Garifuna activists use the terms.

Vincent, continued through the era of seasonal internal migration in Central America in the 1800s and early 1900s, and has been translated into transnational migration since the 1950s (Beaucage 1970; Gonzalez 1988; Helms 1981; Kerns 1983). Studies show that for most of Garifuna history, labor migration was not motivated by absolute poverty but was rather used as a means of obtaining industrial goods to supplement an otherwise adequate subsistence economy. Since the 1980s, however, neoliberal economic reform in Central American countries has produced an increasingly uneven distribution of land, high unemployment, and a higher cost of living, leading to the increasing dependence of many Central American households on foreign remittances.

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