By Doula Nicolson
First released in 1997, this e-book has been up to date and revised to carry it according to new laws and present issues. it truly is an eclectic reference ebook on adolescent emotional and behavioural difficulties, masking a variety of mental theories and ways in a readable variety. the idea provided is tied in with useful software utilizing illustrative case stories and there are time-saving interview sheets and different fabric for teachers/counsellors to use.
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Extra resources for Adolescent Problems
It operates illogically, irrationally and egocentrically. The ego observes the reality principle, utilising logic and reason. It attempts to guide the urgent drives of the id into acceptable channels, it is orientated towards the future and so tolerates frustration and delays gratification in order to achieve its aims. The superego is our conscience which is the source of our moral values and ideals and acts to control our behaviour in accordance with those values and ideals. It is composed of the internalised representations and values of our parents.
It should be proportionate to the misbehaviour. ● It should be consistently applied. e. a reduction or complete extinction of the misbehaviour. ● It should be coupled with reinforcers or rewards for appropriate behaviour. For the behavioural approach to be effective it must be consistently applied over a period of time. 23 Theoretical approaches to adolescent problems In practical terms, teachers and parents should remember what the adolescent’s behaviour was like in order to identify increases or trends in positive behaviour.
The therapy consists of: ● actively encouraging people themselves to find supporting or conflicting evidence for their interpretations, to look for alternative explanations and to undertake different courses of action based on these explanations (collaborative empiricism); ● enabling people to set goals, undertake homework tasks and provide feedback; ● engaging in a Socratic dialogue with people to tease out the logical and empirical consequences of their particular thoughts and behaviours (guided discovery).