Addiction: A Disorder of Choice by Gene M. Heyman

By Gene M. Heyman

Publish yr note: First released might fifteenth 2009
Pages note: PDF is 213, pagination is 200

In a ebook bound to encourage controversy, Gene Heyman argues that traditional knowledge approximately addiction--that it's a illness, a compulsion past wide awake control--is wrong.

Drawing on psychiatric epidemiology, addicts' autobiographies, therapy stories, and advances in behavioral economics, Heyman makes a robust case that habit is voluntary. He exhibits that drug use, like any offerings, is stimulated by way of personal tastes and objectives. yet simply as there are winning dieters, there are winning ex-addicts. in truth, habit is the psychiatric sickness with the top expense of restoration. yet what ends an addiction?

At the guts of Heyman's research is a startling view of selection and motivation that applies to all offerings, not only the alternative to take advantage of medicines. The stipulations that advertise quitting a drug dependancy comprise new details, cultural values, and, after all, the prices and merits of extra drug use. such a lot people keep away from turning into drug established, now not simply because we're specifically rational, yet simply because we detest the belief of being an addict.

Heyman's research of well-established yet often neglected study ends up in unforeseen insights into how we make choices--from weight problems to McMansionization--all rooted in our deep-seated tendency to devour an excessive amount of of no matter what we love top. As wealth raises and know-how advances, the limitation posed via addictive medicinal drugs spreads to new items. even if, this striking and radical ebook issues to an answer. If drug addicts in most cases beat dependancy, then non-addicts can discover ways to regulate their normal tendency to take an excessive amount of.

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Extra resources for Addiction: A Disorder of Choice

Example text

How Drugs Work This chapter shows that differences in social circumstances have a profound influence on the likelihood that drug use escalates to drug abuse. Differences in social conditions include differences in ideas, values, and attitudes. Thus, it is reasonable to suppose that the relationship between social setting and addiction rates reflects the influence of ideas, values, and attitudes on the likelihood that drug use turns into drug abuse. , post–World War II cohorts and Vietnam). This is a puzzling result.

Their stories establish a larger narrative—a natural history of drug use, constructed from the contributions of individual drug users. The first set of vignettes includes reports of the initial drug experiences, which were often quite positive. The next set of stories describes the tribulations of long-term drug use. These accounts include a mix of positive and negative experiences. The last set describes trying to quit drugs. These vignettes often have a surprising or ironic cast to them. Although addiction is not an ordinary occurrence, the reasons for quitting are often quite ordinary.

This issue is not unique to the results presented in this chapter but applies to all psychopharmacological research. ” This is one of the fundamental issues in psychological research, and one in which there has been much progress in recent years. The research focuses on the central nervous system (CNS). Drugs, the environment (including social setting), and psychological phenomena affect the workings of the central nervous system. Thus, by describing basic features of the CNS, it is possible to obtain some understanding of how values and other psychological phenomena can influence drug effects.

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