By Lee Cronk
This quantity provides state of the art empirical stories operating in a paradigm that has turn into often called human behavioral ecology. The emergence of this strategy in anthropology used to be marked through booklet through Aldine in 1979 of an prior selection of reports edited via Chagnon and Irons entitled Evolutionary Biology and Human Social habit: An Anthropological Perspective. in the course of the twenty years that experience handed because then, this cutting edge method has matured and improved into new parts which are explored here.
The booklet opens with an introductory bankruptcy by means of Chagnon and Irons tracing the origins of human behavioral ecology and its next improvement. next chapters, written by way of either more youthful students and confirmed researchers, hide quite a lot of societies and subject matters organ-ized into six sections. the 1st part comprises chapters that offer old heritage at the improvement of human behavioral ecology and com-pare it to 2 complementary techniques within the research of evolution and human habit, evolutionary psychology, and twin inheritance thought. the second one part contains 5 reports of mating efforts in various societies from South the USA and Africa. The 3rd part covers parenting, with 5 stories on soci-eties from Africa, Asia, and North the United States. The fourth part breaks a bit of with the culture in human behavioral ecology by means of targeting one fairly problematical factor, the demographic transition, utilizing info from Europe, North the United States, and Asia. The 5th part comprises experiences of cooperation and supporting behaviors, utilizing info from societies in Micronesia and South the United States. The 6th and ultimate part contains a unmarried bankruptcy that locations the quantity in a broader serious and comparative context.
The contributions to this quantity reveal, with a excessive measure of theoretical and methodological sophistication--the adulthood and freshness of this new paradigm within the research of human habit. the quantity might be of curiosity to anthropologists and different professions engaged on the examine of cross-cultural human behavior.
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Extra info for Adaptation and Human Behavior: An Anthropological Perspective (Evolutionary Foundations of Human Behavior)
1977. Foraging Strategy Adaptations of the Boreal Forest Cree: An Evaluation of Theory and Modelsfrom Evolutionary Ecology. D. dissertation,Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 1986. Diet choice, risk, and food sharing in a stochastic environment. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 5 :367-392. - 1990. Open field, common pot: Harvest variability and risk avoidance in agricultural and foraging societies. In Risk and Uncertainty in Tribal and Peasant Economies, Elizabeth Cashdan, ed. Pp. 67-87.
Human Birth: An Evolutionary Perspective. New York: Aldine de Gruyter. Trivers, Robert. 1971. The evolution of reciprocal altruism. Quarterly Review of Biology 46:35-57. 1972. Parental investment and sexual selection. In Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man, B. Carnpbell, ed. Pp. 136-179. New York: Aldine de Gruyter. 1974. Parent-offspring conflict. American Zoologist 14249-264. Trivers, Robert, and Hope Hare. 1976. Haplodiploidy and the evolution of social insects. Science 191~249-263. Trivers, Robert, and Dan E.
There are many plausible ways to go about filling the chasm between general theory and empirical data, and different “schools” have coalesced around those who pioneered various tracks through this terra incognita. In addition, this divergence reflects differing research traditions and academic disciplines-ethnography, cognitive psychology, evolutionary ecology, population genetics-that predate the emergence of modern evolutionary studies of human behavior. 2 Eric Alden Smith 34 Yet there is more to this divergence than simple cultural inertia or division of labor, for the differences between these three approaches reflect underlying fault lines concerning fundamental questions about the explanatory logic of Darwinism as applied to human behavior.