By Norbert Hornstein
Human language turns out to have arisen approximately in the final 50-100,000 years. In evolutionary phrases, this can be the mere blink of an eye fixed. If this is often right, then a lot of what we examine specified to language needs to in reality contain operations to be had in pre-linguistic cognitive domain names. during this booklet Norbert Hornstein, some of the most influential linguists engaged on syntax, discusses a topical set of concerns in syntactic concept, together with a couple of unique proposals on the innovative of analysis during this zone. He presents a concept of the elemental grammatical operations and means that there's just one that's distinct to language. If this idea is true then this narrows the evolutionary hole among verbal and non-verbal primates, therefore facilitating the swift evolutionary emergence of our linguistic ability.
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Extra info for A Theory of Syntax: Minimal Operations and Universal Grammar
Work advocating the empirical utility of these assumptions is adverted to in the notes. I believe that one of the successes of the Minimalist Program is that these sorts of theoretical explorations are possible and (possibly) enlightening for it testifies to the deductive richness of its leading ideas. The chapter is organized as follows. We discuss each of the major areas where c-command has proven to be grammatically central: Binding Theory, Linearization and Minimality. In each domain relations and operations are sensitive to c-command.
Why, in other words, are they the mergers and not the mergees? A possible answer: even if T checks a feature on DP, DP checks more features on T: both case and agreement. Note, possibly, there is no case checking at all (cf. Chomsky 2000). If so, only the Agr features of T are checked (with case being a reflex of this operation) and no problem arises. 3 Linearization 33 precedes all the elements of VP. 36 Taken together, these procedures will result in linear order tracking the history of Merge and Move (which is just Merge again) operations (as in Epstein et al.
1 Introduction: The sources of c-command 19 this question is also timely given recent minimalist inquiry. More specifically, some common assumptions currently in play (and which we review below) suggest that c-command is a necessary by-product of some kinds of Mergebased grammars. In effect, it is what falls out if UG is structured in a certain way. The aim here will be to specify what that way is. A caveat before proceeding. 2 The game played here takes these claims as fixed points and considers whether the role of c-command in various parts of the grammar can be derived from more basic assumptions.